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Statistics for the boardgame: It is in the wishlist of 14 users. Leon of the University of Texas considered this salutation in the Transactions of the American Philological Association in It was recognized in lay and academic writings as a customary salute of gladiators to the emperor.
And yet "there is no other ancient reference to a salute of the gladiators, and in this case it was uttered not by gladiators at all, but by naumachiarii.
The People and the City at the Height of the Empire. Following a review of the source material related to the AD 52 naumachia, Leon observes  that the fighters were not gladiators but were convicted criminals sentenced to death.
Their intended fate was occidioni massacre, or slaughter. The lake had been surrounded with "rafts" to prevent a mass breakout and was surrounded by "the crack soldiers of the praetorian guard, both infantry and cavalry, who were protected by ramparts and equipped with catapults and ballistae, and further reinforced by ships bearing marines ready for action".
He concludes that this was not a formal salute, but in all likelihood an isolated incident of a mass plea for sympathy or mercy by desperate convicted men sentenced to death on a specific occasion, and that.
When he replied "Aut non", they took his words as meaning "aut non morituri" [or not die] and indicating pardon — Suetonius says "quasi venia data" — and refused to fight, but finally yielded either to the entreaties of the Emperor or to force, and fought bravely until the survivors were excused from further slaughter.
My conclusion is, accordingly, that there is no evidence whatever for the much-quoted salute of the gladiators. The only two ancient references, those in Suetonius and in Dio, refer not to gladiators but to naumachiarii, men condemned to die, and even these references are to one specific episode, the circumstances of which indicate that the supposed salute was not even a regular salute of the naumachiarii.
Alan Baker broadly agrees, stating, "There is no evidence that this was common practice among gladiators. As far as we know, the only time this phrase was used was at an event staged by Claudius.
On the other hand, if it was something that Claudius might expect to hear it would more naturally serve in its role as a feed line for his repartee portraying his invincible gaucherie.
Kyle concurs that no other sources record the "supposed gladiator salute" in any other context "and it did not come here from true gladiators".
Treated as a commodity, they were not elite gladiators but captives and criminals doomed to die, who usually fought until all were killed. When the salute or appeal failed, and they were forced to kill one another in earnest, .
He concludes that "[t]he sources remark on the incident, in part, because it was an anomaly in arena practice—a mass Androclean reprieve. Written with optional macrons: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Divus Claudius , The Routledge Dictionary of Latin Quotations: Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero. The second oldest manuscript Gudianus was unknown to Roth.
Spectacles of death in ancient Rome. Transactions of the American Philological Association. Lives of the Caesars. Oxford University Press, The history of science and technology: Daily Life in Ancient Rome: The game of death in ancient Rome: Univ of Wisconsin Press.
Retrieved on 22 May We Who Are About to Die: Old knitter of black wool.